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The first instrumental meteorological observations in Belarus were made in the beginning of the first half of the XIX century. The same observations have been organized in Mogilev since 1808, in Vitebsk since 1810, in Brest since 1834, in Grodno since 1837, in Minsk since 1846.

Observations at these points were irregular,they intermitted then resumed and developed. By the end of 1890 there were about 40 points of meteorological observation on the territory of Belarus. By 1914 the meteorological network consisted of 27 stations, 65 rain gauges and 63 water stage gauges belonging to different governorate departments. By 1917 110 hydrological devices existed due to an increase in their requirements of different branches of industry and the development of land reclamation works.

This network felt to decay after the October Revolution and the Civil War. In 1919 there were only 7 stations, about 20 rain-gauge and 24 hydrological posts.

According to the decree of the National Commissariat of Agriculture of BSSR №80 of 22 May, 1924 a weather centre was created in Belarus. It was the first central agency of the future Belarusian Hydrometeorological Centre. On its basis the May 22, 1924 is considered the date of formation of Belarusian Hydrometeorological Centre.

During the Great World War the Hydromoteorological Centre of Belarus suffered great losses. About 300 qualified workers lost, more than 85% of stations and 90 % of posts were destroyed, and valuable equipment and technical records were mainly lost or exported.

The reconstruction of the destroyed network was performed step by step. As far as Belarusian territories were reconquered, stations and posts were opened. In 1945 there were 46 stations and 185 posts in Belarus; forecasting service, Belarusian geophysical observatory and authorities began towork.
Today hydrometeorological activity is carried out by Republic Hydromoteorological Centre , Republic Centre of radiation control and environmental monitoring, 6 regional centres of hydrometeorology and environmental monitoring, 2 interdistrictcentres of hydrometeorology and environmental monitoring , 51 meteorological stations, 2 hydrologic stations, 9 specialized stations (6 agrometeorological, the station of background monitoring, limnetic station, swampy station), 8 aviation meteorological stations, 99 river and 10 lake hydrological posts. Three meteorological radar sets (Brest, Gomel, Minsk) function for meteorological providing of airline service and above-ground transport and for the infrastructure of cities. Radiosonde data of aerologic stations (Brest, Gomel) are used for forecasting models.

The main tasks of the Hydromoteorological Centre are the organization of receiving primary hydrometeorologic data, collecting, processing, analyzing, keeping and supplying hydrometeorological information from observation network, making forecast (synoptic, hydrological, agrometeorological), analyzing regional changes of climate, providing the government, industry, legal entities and citizens with hydrometeorological information.

In recent years new observation technologies are introduced. The state network of hydrometeorologic observations is improved with automatic data units and computerized meteorological systems MAWS by Finnish firmVaisala and by Belarusian Peleng. The networks of radiolocator observations are upgraded, modern Doppler meteorological radar sets and aerologicalcomplexes DIGICORA are intruded, current methods of forecasting are improved.

The Minister of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection confirmed the developing program of the state hydrometeorologicalservice for 2011-2015. It is aimed at implementation of new devices and technologies, improving numerical prognosis and bringing the information to people. The state program of measures to modify the consequences of climate change was approved by the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus on June 21, 2013. It is referred to do arrangements including scientific researches to modify the consequences of climate changes what is important for sustainable development of the economy. It is also referred to minimize the penetration of greenhouse gases to reduce the speed and magnitude of climate change.

Since 2006 Belarusian State University has started to qualify the students with a degree in hydrometeorology.

During the anniversary year the radio stations “Minsk volna”, “Stolitsa” “Cultura” and the national channel of Belarusian radio, the newspapers the Sovetskaja Belarus, the Komsomolsk pravda in Belarus, the Narodnaja newspaper covered the main elements of formation and development of the Belarusian meteorological centre.A lot of time was dedicated to cover the anniversary date by TV channels Belarus-1, Belarus-2, ONT in special TV programs “Telebarometer”, “NasheUtro” and “ Novostipogodu”. The employees of the Hydrometeorological Centre were interviewed, the proceedings of press conferences were announced, and specialmovies were transmitted.

They collected different informative materials about the employees whohad made significant contributions to the development of the hydrometeorologicalservice. Photo posters “The HydrometeorologicalCentre celebrates 90 years! Stages of development” were designed and manufactured, an advertising booklet was made.

The publication of the second Collection of scientific works of the Republic Hydrometeorological Centre was coincided with the anniversary. The library of the Hydrometeorological Centre organized the exhibition of literature devoted to the 90th anniversary of the hydrometeorologicalservice.
They summed up the results of the competition for the best engineer-meteorogist of the observation network within the framework of the Committee of the Union State on Hydrometeorology and Monitoring of environmental pollution.

In the XII Republican environmental forum they summarized the results of the contest for the best department that madehydrometeorological observations in three categories.

Finally the solemn meeting on the occasion of the 90th anniversary of the state hydrometeorological service was held on September 26, 2014 in the assembly hall of the Republic Hydrometeorological Centre. 
Besides the workers and the veterans of the Hydrometeorological service, the representatives of government agencies, scientific organizations and universities of the city attended the solemn event.
The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection and the Republic Hydrometeorological Centre presented ceremonial certificates and letters of appreciation to the employees of the hydrometeorological service. The veterans of the service were awarded gift souvenirs with the symbols of anniversary.